International entrepreneurial firms in Chile: An exploratory profile

ISI: International entrepreneurial firms in Chile: An exploratory profile


2016 - Journal of Business Research - Volume 69, Issue 6, June 2016, Pages 2052–2060


The internationalization of new small and medium-sized enterprises is a challenge for many developing countries, especially those with open economies and small internal markets like Chile. This study, in an exploratory way, analyzes some of the factors that determine how new ventures are oriented to international markets from their early stages. This paper develops a model that integrates variables related to firm characteristics like industrial sector, competitiveness, and size of the firm with a degree of internationalization. The empirical analysis uses data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor's (GEM) adult population survey carried out in Chile during the period 2007–2013 (n = 4208). An ordinal logit regression model was used to test the hypotheses. Descriptive results show that 12.8% of Chilean entrepreneurs in the sample have a relatively high tendency towards internationalization and that the factors related to competitiveness are significant with respect to this tendency. The size of the firm and the propensity to create employment are also significant. Practical implications are discussed.


Early internationalization; Industrial sector; Size; Competitiveness; Chile; Global Entrepreneurship Monitor

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