PUBLICACIONES

Regret salience and the decoy effect

ISI: Regret salience and the decoy effect

EDGAR KAUSEL E., TERRY CONNOLLY., JOCHEN REB.

2013 - Journal Judgment and Decision Making - Vol. 8, Nº 2. Pp. 136-149

Abstract

Two experiments examined the impact on the decoy effect of making salient the possibility of post-decision regret, a manipulation that has been shown in several earlier studies to stimulate critical examination and improvement of decision process. Experiment 1 (N = 62) showed that making regret salient eliminated the decoy effect in a personal preference task. Experiment 2 (N = 242) replicated this finding for a different personal preference task and for a prediction task.   It also replicated previous findings that external accountability demands do not reduce, and may exacerbate, the decoy effect. We interpret both effects in terms of decision justification, with different justification standards operating for different audiences. The decoy effect, in this account, turns on accepting a weak justification, which may be seen as adequate for an external audience or one’s own inattentive self but inadequate under the more critical review triggered by making regret possibilities salient. Seeking justification to others (responding to accountability demands) thus maintains or exacerbates the decoy effect; seeking justification to oneself (responding to regret salience) reduces or eliminates it. The proposed mechanism provides a theoretical account both of the decoy effect itself and of how regret priming provides an effective debiasing procedure for it.   Two experiments examined the impact on the decoy effect of making salient the possibility of post-decision regret, a manipulation that has been shown in several earlier studies to stimulate critical examination and improvement of decision process. Experiment 1 (N = 62) showed that making regret salient eliminated the decoy effect in a personal preference task. Experiment 2 (N = 242) replicated this finding for a different personal preference task and for a prediction task. It also replicated previous findings that external accountability demands do not reduce, and may exacerbate, the decoy effect. We interpret both effects in terms of decision justification, with different justification standards operating for different audiences. The decoy effect, in this account, turns on accepting a weak justification, which may be seen as adequate for an external audience or one’s own inattentive self but inadequate under the more critical review triggered by making regret possibilities salient. Seeking justification to others (responding to accountability demands) thus maintains or exacerbates the decoy effect; seeking justification to oneself (responding to regret salience) reduces or eliminates it. The proposed mechanism provides a theoretical account both of the decoy effect itself and of how regret priming provides an effective debiasing procedure for it.

Keywords

Decision making, anticipated regret, decoy effect, accountability, justifiability, regret salience, regret priming

¿Quieres seguir leyendo? [Accede a la publicación completa]

Corrupción en Startups. Lecciones para el Ecosistema de Innovación Chileno

Cuando hablamos de empresas startups la mayoría de los casos pensamos en jóvenes idealistas, expertos en alguna tecnología, impulsados por desarrollar nuevos productos y servic...

La importancia de la aplicación de innovación en las empresas para detectar oportunidades

La investigación plantea que la selección de mejores proyectos; la integración de grupos de interés externos y el desarrollo de políticas de incentivo al riesgo, ...

Todos los Derechos © 2014 | Departamento de Administración - Facultad de Economía y Negocios - Universidad de Chile - Diagonal Paraguay 257, torre 26, oficina 1101, piso 11, Santiago, Chile.