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Dietary restraint, life satisfaction and self-discrepancy by gender in university students

J. Internacional: Dietary restraint, life satisfaction and self-discrepancy by gender in university students

BERTA SCHNETTLER., KLAUS GRUNERT., LIGIA ORELLANA., JOSE SEPULVEDA., HORACIO MIRANDA., GERMAN LOBOS., CRISTIAN ADASME-BERRÍOS., MARIANELA DENEGRI., MARCOS MORA., NATALIA SALINAS O., CLEMENTINA HUECHE., MARIA ETCHEBARNE L.

2017 - Suma Psicológica - pp. 25-33

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize dieting and non-dieting university students by gender, based on their satisfaction with life and their food-related life, self-discrepancy, food behavior and health-related aspects. A non-probabilistic sample of 305 students from five Chilean state universities responded a questionnaire that included the Revised Restraint Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale, the Health-related Quality of Life Index, the Nutrition Interest Scale and the Self-Discrepancy Index. Sociodemographic characteristics, food behavior, and approximate weight and height were also enquired. Chronic dieters and non-dieters were distinguished according to the median score ofthe Revised Restraint Scale. 51.1% of women and 55.5% of men classified as chronic dieters, sharing characteristics such as nutrition concern, mental health problems, higher body mass index, and physical and economic self-discrepancy. Women dieters reported lower life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life, more health problems and health-related restriction of food, while men dieters showed higher social and emotional self-discrepancy.

Keywords

Dietary restraint, Life satisfaction, Self-discrepancy theory, Gender differences

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