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A Finer Grained Approach to Psychological Capital and Work Performance

ISI: A Finer Grained Approach to Psychological Capital and Work Performance

HECTOR MADRID C., MARIA DIAZ., STAVROULA LEKA., PEDRO LEIVA N., EDUARDO BARROS S.

2018 - Journal of Business and Psychology - August 2018, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 461–477

Abstract

Purpose: Psychological capital is a set of personal resources comprised by hope, efficacy, optimism, and resilience, which previous research has supported as being valuable for general work performance. However, in today’s organizations, a multidimensional approach is required to understanding work performance, thus, we aimed to determine whether psychological capital improves proficiency, adaptivity, and proactivity, and also whether hope, efficiency, resilience, and optimism have a differential contribution to the same outcomes. Analyzing the temporal meaning of each psychological capital dimension, this paper theorizes the relative weights of psychological capital dimensions on proficiency, adaptivity, and proactivity, proposing also that higher relative weight dimensions are helpful to cope with job demands and perform well.   Methodology: Two survey studies, the first based on crosssectional data and the second on two waves of data, were conducted with employees from diverse organizations, who provided measures of their psychological capital, work performance, and job demands. Data was modeled with regression analysis together with relative weights analysis.   Findings: Relative weights for dimensions of psychological capital were supported as having remarkable unique contributions for proficient, adaptive, and proactive behavior, particularly when job demands were high.   Originality/Value: We concluded that organizations facing high job demands should implement actions to enhance psychological capital dimensions; however, those actions should focus on the specific criterion of performance of interest.

Keywords

Psychological capital, Work performance, Temporal focus, Job demands-resources, Relative weights.

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